The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) recently announced the results of its 2022 Census of Agriculture. The census, which is completed every five years, provides a comprehensive and impartial picture of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. This is the 30th Federal census of agriculture – the first was taken in 1840!

Census data is crucial for elected representatives and legislative bodies at all levels of government to formulate farm and rural policies and to allocate local and national funds for farm programs such as extension service projects, agricultural research, soil conservation programs, and land-grant colleges and universities.  

The recently completed census included several new questions about the use of precision agriculture, hemp production, hair sheep, and updates to internet access. The response rate for the 2022 Census of Agriculture was sixty-one percent, and more than forty percent of responses were submitted online.

Highlights of the census include:

  • Family-owned and operated farms accounted for 95% of all U.S. farms and operated 84% of land in farms.
  • U.S. farms and ranches produced $543 billion in agricultural products, up from $389 billion in 2017.
  • U.S. farms had a net cash income of $152 billion.
  • A total of 43% of farms had positive net cash farm income in 2022.
  • 1.2 million female producers accounted for 36% of all producers.
  • 58% of all farms have at least one female decision-maker.

To read more about the 2022 Census, click here: nass.usda.gov/AgCensus/index.php